There is a kind of bastard science which is very dangerous.
It gets a glimpse of the great law of “The Survival of the Fittest.” It explains so many things. And the apprentice mind in its enthusiasm imagines it explains everything.
It does not. The Survival of the Fittest, the Struggle for Existence, and the whole law that the physically weak are exterminated and the physically strong survive, all this is true only up to a certain point.
It is true of tigers and tomcats; it is not true of human beings.
When Man appeared, in the history of evolution, he brought another element into the arena, the Moral element.
Not to reckon with this Moral power is not to be a scientist, but a half-scientist.
The German mind is half-scientific. That is what ails it. It conceives that the final
triumph will rest with “the big blond beast,” with the men of muscle and ferocity, with those who thrust aside all motives of pity and gentleness and concentrate on material force.
The saying that “God is on the side of the strongest battalions,” is a sample of this half-reasoning.
God is on the side of truth, honor, humaneness, and love; and in the end these gentle powers shall overcome. That is what Jesus meant when He said that “the meek shall inherit the earth.” And that is what the half-baked mind sneers at, neither indeed can believe.
But just the same, Civilization means the superiority of the Moral forces and the eventual subjugation of all Brute force.
The present war is a struggle between the Moral and the Brute ideas.
Civilization is not a working out of materialistic laws; it is the mastery and direction of those laws by a spiritual, non-material something called Man.